|Några språkdata ur en pedagogisk-psykologisk verkbas - Inger Bierschenk|
This technical report from the I&D project summarizes studies made on a 40 years production by a sample of educational researchers in Sweden. The problem dealt with concerns quantitative distributions of the languages in which the works are written and the results of a program for automatic language separation. The separating capacity of various languages is compared with respect to bibliographic data of a scientific work...
Keywords: computational linguistics; computerbased lexicology; scientific information; language separation; multilingual database
|Den dolda storheten i Dvärgen - Inger Bierschenk|
This study concerns The Dwarf (Dvärgen) by Pär Lagerkvist. The author wanted to give his tribute to the Renaissance masters by letting the dwarf express his scorn and contempt for humanism. Further, Lagerkvist wanted to characterize the greatness and lowness of Man through the prince and his innate dwarf. It is a general conception that the prince character in this novel has retrieved properties from Machiavelli’s Prince...
Keywords: duality; mentality; holophor; language space; perspective transformation; fiction; The Dwarf; Pär Lagerkvist
|The Angle of Articulation in Textual Movement - Bernhard Bierschenk|
Natural systems are self-organising and stratify according to the angular articulation of their movements. In particular, movement is relative to the levels that define its behaviour space. As natural phenomenon, text production is self-referential. In generating information, the intention of the producer of a text becomes specified. Specifying of intention is dependent on phase and phase transitions...
Keywords: AaO machine; angular displacement; natural logarithm; energy flow; AaO unity; channelling; natural group; grapheme string; agglomeration; ESS; kinetic coupling
|Cycles and Oscillations in Text Processing - Bernhard Bierschenk|
The classical research operations in the cognitive sciences concern categorisations as well as classifications, which strongly have been influenced by nomological approaches. As a consequence, information processing has been explained with reference to syntactic-semantic models. Because of an absence of structural implications, personal interpretations have had great impact on the presentation of results of relevance to the cognitive sciences...
Keywords: AaO paradigm; recursive phase singularities; physical mechanics; point attractors; clusters; Block analysis; holotop; holophor; terminal points; perspective transformation; deep; shallow; natural groups; connection matrix
|Simulation of Action-Event Cooperation: Emergence of Knowing - Bernhard Bierschenk|
A graphical expression or display has to depict crucial structural qualities of thought in such a way that a person can capture its intention by extracting higher order components. These are assumed to be shapeless and formless. The present article gives a demonstration of what is meant by an experimental manipulation of the Function factor as well as of the outcome when both the Type and the Function factor are allowed to co-vary...
Keywords: type; function; belief; behaviour; condition; psycho-physics; reduction; deduction; cycles; paranoia
|Självkonfrontation via intern television i lärarutbildningen: Försök att modifiera lärarkandidaters perception och värdering med hjälp av videobandförmedlad självkonfrontation och traditionell handledning - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This monograph contains a description and discussion of self-assessment data obtained from student teachers, who have participated in a self-confrontation experiment. The measurement scale: Assessment and Evaluation Schedule, has been especially devised for this experiment. The report includes a discussion of validity and reliability problems. The self-assessment data have been analysed by means of ANOVA which has been carried out in 3 steps: (1) analysis of the structure of the F-tests, (2) pre...
Keywords: Self-confrontation; teacher; training; experiment; micro-lesson; self-assessment; Anova
|Ett system för interaktiv beteendesimulering - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report presents a system for the simulation of interactive behaviour strategies. The system has been constructed on the basis of a psycho-ecological model. The core of this system is an action-oriented behaviour simulation. The reliability of the information mediating variables, which have been built into the system, has been calculated. These are the association, structure and process paradigms...
Keywords: behaviour simulation; system analysis; event; action; mediating variables
|The Discontinuity of Human Existence: Part I. The Fundamental Concepts of Human Existence and the Relation between the Singular and the Super Singular - Ole Elstrup Rasmussen|
The objective of this and the two forthcoming articles is to describe the fundamental discontinuities of human existence. The reason for starting with entrepreneurship is twofold. The entrepreneurial sciences represent a tradition the subject matter of which is change, and the relation between the singular and the super singular constitutes a problem which has frustrated the cognition of human activity...
Keywords: entrepreneurship; discontinuity; dialectic logic; existence; global perspective
|Självkonfrontation via intern television i lärarutbildningen: Lärarkandidater bedömer egna videobandade lektioner - en uppföljningsstudie - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report contains a description and discussion of self-assessment data obtained from student teachers, partly as a result of repeated self-confrontation experiences during a confrontation experiment, partly as a result of reassessments six weeks respectively two years after they had participated in the self-confrontation experiment. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlation analyses...
Keywords: re-assessment; self-confrontation; microteaching; CCTV-experiment; videorecording; educational experts
|Att strukturera olika datanivåer med hjälp av faktoranalystekniker - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report gives an account of some problems, connected with factor analytic data processing. The presentation is of a non-technical kind and concentrated on the description of data processing on several levels. Furthermore, the features of the models of analysis are described, however without an attempt to provide a more systematic and complete presentation. For a more thorough study, the complexity of the subject would require a type of disposition provided in Child, D...
Keywords: theoretical constructions; data levels; multiple classifications; samples; error analysis; error discussion; extraction of factors; factor rotation
|Axiological Measurement of Human value Factors in Mental Processes. - Bernhard Bierschenk &Jan Mattsson|
Modern behavioural research focuses on the possibility of a direct measurement of value preferences. These are conceived as important casual variables of behaviour. The article presents a method and a procedure for the measurement and representation of human value factors. By means of Perspective Text Analysis mental processes of workers from Sweden, England, West Germany, Italy and the United States were captured and topographically represented elsewhere...
Keywords: axiology; Perspective Text Analysis; value types; Hartman; reference order; multinational company; Swedish; English; German; Italian; American workers
|A Model for Explorations into Cognitive Science Research - Bernhard Bierschenk|
Because computer-oriented researchers apply cognitive notions such as meaning, symbol and understanding, or concept, cognition and knowledge, it has become mandatory to inquire into the traditional explanatory models of science, including behaviourism. The article outlines the steering and control mechanism that has governed a new outlook in which subjective mental states become functionally interactive and essential for a full explanation of conscious behaviour...
Keywords: phase relations; design structure; axiomatic basis; recurrent factorial design
|En longitudinell analys av kunskapsutvecklingen inom utbildningsforskningen - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report is an initial description and analysis of developmental trends in educational research in Sweden since 1937. The analysis is based on an attempt to give a quantitative description of accessible knowledge. The starting point is a strictly random generated sample of researchers in this field. The analysis indicates that the flow of knowledge mainly depends on a very small but highly active group of researchers.
Keywords: knowledge; development; quantitative; longitudinal; empirical; I&D; psychology; bibliometrics; social science; researcher
|Testing for Competence - Inger Bierschenk|
The aim of this article is to make a distinction between qualification and competence. Although academic institutions, organisations, companies, and schools are focussing upon competence development as the natural answer to new technical and societal demands, no one has succeeded in providing a satisfactory operational definition of 'competence'. A dictionary search has shown that different areas of science and humanities conceive of competence from an analytical point of view, which, in fact, r...
Keywords: competence; educational goal; educational context; materials; examination
|Competence as a Prerequisite for the Attainment of Life Quality - Bernhard Bierschenk & Barbara Marker|
This paper describes differences between the capacity of Swedish and Danish students to attain life quality. This was carried out by examining the level of competence in four different groups of Swedish and Danish students, and is based on the hypothesis that the possession of competence is a premise for the development of life quality. Competence means the ability to make sense in complex situations; more concretely it is the quality on the basis of which the individual activates his or her kno...
Keywords: life quality (LQ); competence; adaptation; model society; factor analysis; ANOVA
|Självkonfrontation via intern television i lärarutbildningen: Bakgrund, experiment, experimentupplevelse - Bernhard Bierschenk|
An attempt to modify perception and evaluation of student teachers with the aid of self-confrontation mediated with video recordings on one hand and conventional tutoring on the other is the subject of this report. Background to the experiment, a detailed description of the layout and a presentation of the measuring instruments are given together with evaluation of the internal and external validity of the taken approach...
Keywords: self-confrontation; teacher training; tutoring; cctv; micro-lessons; video-recording; experimental design; measuring instruments; evaluation; internal validity; external validity
|Ett didaktiskt långtidsprogram för kompetensutveckling i svenska på gymnasiet - Inger Bierschenk|
This work presents a longitudinal didactic experiment based on the idea that literature, especially fiction, can serve as a basis for developing competence. Of critical importance is the teacher’s knowledge of the variation of conceptual depth in teaching materials. Based on five empirically discovered degrees of difficulty in literary texts, examples of writers and novels suitable as teaching materials for each degree are discussed...
Keywords: competence; didactics; longitudinal; high school; training; Swedish; synthesis; literature; fiction
|En modell för ett interaktivt informations- och dokumentationssystem - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report is based on studies of literature and the writerâs own experiences of the use of computer-based information and documentation systems. The report presents principles for the development of an interactive, self-regulating and self-controlling information and documentation system. Based on a system theoretical point of view a model for a realisation of an information and documentation system is outlined...
Keywords: I&D-system; network; education; I&D-functions; self-regulation; self-control
|The Assessment of Competence: A New Field of Research - Bernhard Bierschenk|
Based on the typical tasks required in ability testing, a general conclusion drawn in the international research literature is that intelligence is not different from e.g. McClelland's achievement testing. To many psychologists this means that the concept of competence is insignificant and that intelligence as well as related aptitude tests are sufficient in the assessment of performance. Further, it is generally assumed that the intelligence quotient (IQ) constitutes a measure of cognitive deve...
Keywords: behavioural foundation; IQ; assortive mating; filter; unfolding competence; text production; wholeness; thinking; consequences; policy formation
|Ett experiment med återgivning av information i titlar: Materialbeskrivning - Inger Bierschenk|
This document is a working paper aimed at discussing the prerequisites for an experiment in larger scale on information in scientific titles. It contains hypotheses regarding researchersâ structuring of their titles and proposes a model for recognition of structured information based on the Problem-Method-Goal paradigm, whose cue pointers are prepositions. On this basis, criteria for selecting titles for the experiment are proposed together with a presentation of the primary linguistic patterns...
Keywords: computational linguistics; algorithmic coding; pattern generation; intermediate language; empirical database
|En datorbaserad innehållsanalys av intervjutext: Numerisk beskrivning och multivariat analys - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report gives a description of the steps in an analysis of the dimensionality in interview texts. By means of cluster analysis techniques the interview materials have been condensed. Based on the results derived from several clusters a discrimination analysis has been carried out. In the final discussion the results are related to (1) the psycholinguistic model and (2) the model of the research process, which have guided this research.
Keywords: cluster; probability; group; assignment; discrimination; dendrogram
|Embodiment of Consciousness - Bernhard Bierschenk|
The present article is based on the premise that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce consciousness. Any scientific understanding must necessarily consider the need of an explanation of consciousness. Instead, the non-sense property of traditional scientific modelling appears to hide the phenomenon. In contrast, the explored hypothesis is based on the assumption that the meaningfulness of natural language is the carrier of consciousness...
Keywords: shapes of mind; AaO-axiom; consciousness; non-linear dynamics; awareness; causal loop diagram; ecological model; brain models; geometrical computation
|Ett datorprogram för syntaktisk kodning av titlar till vetenskapliga skrifter - Bernhard Bierschenk, Inger Bierschenk, & Agneta Sternerup-Hansson,|
A user-oriented coding of knowledge, which is disseminated through titles to scientific work requires information systems,which build on cognitive models. A computer program with comments to conceptual coding of titles is presented in this report. The cognitive model, which has governed the program development, is described briefly. The functioning of the program is illustrated with some computer outputs from a data base, which is representative of Swedish educational research.
Keywords: computer linguistics; program development; pattern generation; register; information; intermediate; cognition; documentation
|Konstruktion av ett regelsystem för en datorbaserad innehållsanalys av intervjutext: Preliminärmanual och några utprövningsresultat - Inger Bierschenk|
This report contains a description of a technique for a computer-based content analysis of interview text. Some steps in the development of a rule system for coding are reported. The evaluation of a preliminary system of rules is described and evaluation data are presented. Furthermore is integrated an extensive control of punching and punch cards for the purpose of attaining a perfect material. The presentation of the work, carried out so far, is preceded by a linguistic discussion.
Keywords: computer-based content analysis; coding rules; reliability tests; linguistic models
|The Topological Scaling of Consciousness: The World in the Perspective of Economists and Technologists - Bernhard Bierschenk|
The article presents an analysis in which intentionality is the key concept in the measurement and representation of consciousness. It is shown that a psychological approach based on the animal mechanism out of which behavioural semantics has developed is wrong. By studying the local and global singularities it was possible to show that efficient transaction with the environment rests on the theoretical formulations that assume the cooperative interaction of a conscious organism with the environ...
Keywords: collectivity; consciousness; narratives; topological representation; cubic space
|The Idealised World: A Problem of Semantics - Bernhard Bierschenk|
In a number of preceding articles having appeared in this series it has been demonstrated that the AaO paradigm can be used to develop a cognitive helical structure. The present article advances the process to the forth of five phases. Of the four dependent variables emerging at this stage, two will be discussed, namely (1) zero processing and (2) variations in form. The other two will be presented in a forthcoming article...
Keywords: AaO paradigm; design; helix; structure; semantics; lexicon; expansion; sphere; illusion; factor; variation
|Behavioural Semantics: A Comparison between Topologic and Algebraic Scaling in the Measurement of human Dignity - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This article is concerned primarily with the problem of measuring quality and/or quantity of psychological phenomena. Its purpose is to identify and examine the critical problem of qualifying a syntactic correct indicative statement. The exposition is based on the premise that both humanistic and behaviouristic oriented psychologists have agreed upon the necessity of the analytical proposition as foundation of all scientific inquiry...
Keywords: subject; object; distinction; categorical; judgement; psychometrics; behaviour; referent; response; alternative; one-dimensional; space; morality
|Applications of Perspective Text Analysis: A Thematic Overview - Inger Bierschenk|
This thematic overview presents some studies on the validation and verification of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). The first section, containing the validation part, provides evidence for the hypothesis about the capacity of PTA to reflect specificity of ecologically specified observations in text production. The following section presents verification studies within various contexts and focuses on individual prerequisites and constraints that are at work when a person is put in a situation in ...
Keywords: verification; AaO-model; validity; comprehension; competence; Perspective Text Analysis (PTA); qualitative method; longitudinal study; single subject study; Case study
|A Computational Linguistics Approach to Conceptual Information Processing - Inger Bierschenk|
The purpose of this paper is to present a linguistic model which can be used for the processing of scientific information. The model has developed through several years of research and experiments in information mediation, structuring, organisation and dissemination in such social and humanistic sciences that have been of interest to Swedish educational research. It has been apparent that a so-called "information overflow" and "information explosion" are irrelevant concepts to designate the stat...
Keywords: intermediate language; linguistic model; I&D system; scientific information
|Co-ordinating Co-operation in Complex Information Flows: A Theoretical Analysis and Empirical Description of Competence-determined Leadership - Ole Elstrup Rasmussen|
Scanator provides the basis for this work. Scanator is a modern, ecological psychophysics encompassing a cohesive set of theories and methods for the study of mental functions. Within the framework of Scanator we can study competence, i.e. the capacity for making sense in complex situations. Scanator does not, however, include a functional model to explain how various forms of sense making are co-operatively co-ordinated...
Keywords: self-reference; AaO system; discontinuity; leadership; existence; holophors
|Der Einfluss der Selbstkonfrontation mit Videorekorderaufnahmen auf das Verhalten bei Übergabe von Information: Ein Versuch zur empirischen Analyse des Erklärungsverhaltens und dessen Beziehung zu Persönlichkeitseigenschaften - Ernst Wieltschnig|
In this investigation, the influence of self-confrontation on the behaviour while explaining reasoning problems is analysed with the aid of several parameters of verbal behaviour. The behavioural change of persons with the opportunity to come to an understanding of their own behaviour by means of video recordings is compared with the behavioural change of persons without self-confrontation. Moreover, the explanatory behaviour in general and the change of the explanatory behaviour after several ...
Keywords: self-confrontation; teacher training; kommunication; regression analysis; personality variables; video-recording; problem solving
|Lärarbeteenden och elevreaktioner: Beskrivning och utprövning av två i beteendevetenskapliga teorier förankrade simulatorer - Gunlög Frost|
This report presents two simulators anchored to behavioural theories and based on the interaction between teacher behaviours and video-recorded pupil reactions. The purpose is to see whether student teachers use strategies when choosing a course of action and whether they then follow these strategies flexibly or in a stereotyped way. In order to check the way in which student teachers work with the simulators, the student teachers and the simulators were recorded simultaneously and this video...
Keywords: self-confrontation; interactive behaviour; simulation; behaviour theory; real-time imaging; CCTV/VR
|Selbstkonfrontation über Closed-Circuit Television in der Lehrerausbildung: Ergebnisse, Implikationen und Empfehlungen - Bernhard Bierschenk|
An experimental study was carried out at the Malmö School of Education in 1969 and 1970 for the purpose of studying the effects on the self-assessment of student teachers of, firstly, externally mediated self-confrontation processes (via closed-circuit television and video-recording), and secondly, dyadic confrontation processes (in the form of traditional tutoring). Detailed reports on the background, design and result of the experiment have been presented in Swedish...
Keywords: self-confrontation; closed circuit televison; teacher training; panel studies; structure analysis
|Transformation of a Word Model to a Geometric Space Description - Bernhard Bierschenk|
On the basis of the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) paradigm, it will be shown how the transformation of a word model to a geometric space description can be made the foundation for an approach to informational invariants. In particular, the word model of a Causal Loop Diagram (CLD) has been used for simplifying the involved procedures. Since the explanation of a causal loop requires a verbal description of what is in the links, this kind of discourse is necessarily dependent on its producerâs int...
Keywords: AaO paradigm; perspective; text; analysis; PTA; Vertex; causal loop; diagram; CLD; word model; comprehension; construction; deconstruction; functional geometry; space; tearing; phase; disparity; zipper; function
|Ett ekologiskt perspektiv på språk och textanalys - Inger Bierschenk|
This article presents an ecological theory of language and text. It is assumed that the development of language and the production of text are perspective creating activities. A perspective is formed when the material and the immaterial dimension of a text meet. This process can be discovered through a formal mechanism, of which the core component is the Agent. By means of examples from historical times some facts and circumstances are discussed, which support the idea that an Agent, that is, th...
Keywords: text; geometry; energy; landscapes; fusion; dynamics; flow; Kantian; AaO system; 3D; language; evolution
|Animal Terms in Children’s Metaphors - Nicoletta Caramelli & Angela Montanari|
This research aims at showing that children shift their interpretation of the same metaphor according to the social role respectively of the speaker and the addressee of the sentence, to the degree of lexicalisation of the metaphor, and to their age. We chose the simplest type of metaphorical sentence, i. e., the ‘nominal’ one in the form 'X is a B', where X was a proper name and be an animal term...
Keywords: cognition; metaphor; story; perception; statistics
|Television as a Technical Aid in Education and in Educational and Psychological Research: A Bibliography (Continued) - Bernhard Bierschenk|
The report is a supplementary bibliographic account to the report, published 1969, in this series, namely Didakometry, No. 24, ark:/13960/t6932fj2j, concerning television as a technical aid in education and in pedagogical and psychological research. The main stress in this report lies on English dissertations from the period 1968-1970. To some extent other published materials in the English language are also included.
Keywords: television; technical aid; bibliographic data; subject index; name index
|Materiallära som pedagogisk metod - Inger Bierschenk|
This is the second article on the competence theme, which aims at demonstrating the consequences of a new educational paradigm, namely materials-directedness. By this is meant the conceptual control of the built-in disparity of educational materials. By means of a new method for structural analysis (in a biological sense), it is shown how conceptual relations and dimensions of a literary text are laid bare...
Keywords: structure; educational materials; behaviourism; concepts
|The Split Between Meaning and Being - Bernhard Bierschenk|
The discussion in this article takes its point of departure in the generally accepted position of cognition-oriented scientists that intelligent behaviour requires an organism/formalism, which can abstract information from the environment. By examining some operationalised schema models the author shows to what extent these have been capable of explaining the development of behaviourally meaningful cognitive functions...
Keywords: organism; formalism; cognitive functions; schema model; progressive behaviour; autonomous observer; operation space; projection mechanism; binocular disparity
|Emergent Novelties in the Mentality of Dizygotic Twin - Bernhard Bierschenk|
An extension of the application of the Scanator to dizygotic (DZ) twin is the concern of the present study. Scanator is an extremely valuable tool in the functional analysis of qualitative stability in text building behaviour. Moreover, Scanator allows for a detailed investigation of subtle changes emerging in the structural relations of emergent novelties. One goal of the present study concerns a most rigorous power test of parameter operations in relation to corresponding model components...
Keywords: MLT units; visual cliff; pictures; self-indication; conserved energy; viscosity; elasticity; schema axiom; Wilks Lambda; Cohen's (f); MANOVA
|Television som tekniskt hjälpmedel i utbildning och pedagogisk-psykologisk forskning: En bibliografisk redovisning, 1971-1974 - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This report is a fifth bibliographic account of literature concerning television as a technical aid in education and in educational and psychological research and contains materials published during the period 1971 to 1974. The references are classified according to 8 main categories, each having 4 subdivisions. The bibliography contains references, which are a result of computer search in the files of ERIC, ISI and SSCI...
Keywords: microteaching; television; computer search; technical aids
|Myten om kunskapshungern - Inger Bierschenk|
This article is a discussion of the possibility of changing the view of knowledge producing activities toward a competence directed education. After presentation of the traditional behaviouristic model and its consequences when applied on teaching, a new concept of competence is suggested, which differs from the concept of qualification. An important part of the article deals with the evaluation as an idea and a method for quality control...
Keywords: competence; quality; materials directedness; evaluation research
|Ein System für die Simulierung von interaktiven Verhaltensstrategien - Bernhard Bierschenk|
This article presents in compressed form the development of a psycho-ecological model for simulation of interpersonal relations (SIR). SIR is a method and an instrument, which permits a simulation of strategiesof interactive behaviour. From a behavioural science point of view the method should make it possibleto map mechanisms that produce and reproduce behaviour. SIR may also be used as an aid in studying how the individual's perceptionand evaluation steer and control behavioural changes. It...
Keywords: behaviour theories; markov chains; closed circuit television; videorecording; event simulation; action proposals; personality factors; property structures; panel judgements
|Theorie und Praxis in der Oberstufe der schwedischen Grundschule - Bernhard Bierschenk|
The report presents a descriptive study of the educational system in Sweden with special emphasis on the upper level of the comprehensive school. An attempt is made to survey the goals and the realisation of the goals in the practical school situation. Thereby, the focus has been directed upon the attempts being made to adapt the school to the demands of a quickly developing modern society.
Keywords: comprehensive school; reform; goals; teaching examples; educational content
|Conceived Limits for Manipulated Reproduction - Inger Bierschenk|
This article is focusing on the notion that the design of a civilization is perceivable to its citizens only to the degree that they have the cognitive instruments to judge it properly. With the purpose to clarify how two Swedish female adolescents comprehend the information structure of a utopian society, their written responses to Huxley’s Brave New World are studied. The method used for the analysis is Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), which is founded on the Agent-action-Objective (A...
Keywords: AaO-axiom; functional text geometry; perspective text analysis (PTA); textual morphogenesis; free energy surfaces; civilization; utopian society; authenticity; Huxley
|Självkonfrontation via intern television i lärarutbildningen: Analyser av pedagogiska experters bedömningar - Bernhard Bierschenk|
The classroom behaviour of student teachers has been recorded on videotape. Educational experts have assessed these videotaped materials. This report contains a description and the conclusions reached. The assessment is analysed and discussed at the item level and at the level of the six subject-object categories constituting the Assessment and Evaluation Schedule. The observations have been analysed by means of ANOVA which has been carried out in three steps: (1) analysis of the structure of th...
Keywords: CCTV; experiment; educational expert; assessment; Anova; precision; effect size
|Prepositioners verkningssätt i modeller för språkbehandling - Inger Bierschenk|
This seminar paper contains a short principled discussion of the use of prepositions in the interaction of language with information science models. The point of departure is the problems of ambiguity identified in various computer-based approaches to the specification of information. The paper ends up in a proposal for ecological thinking in text analyses where the concept of action range should have the cue function...
Keywords: preposition; cognition; element; information; organization; language; ecology
|Main Principles for Perspective Text Analysis via the PC-system PERTEX - Helge Helmersson|
The principles for Perspective Text Analysis has been implemented into the PC-system PERTEX. The analysis starts from normal text and ends up in a topological representation of the mentality the text presents. The text material is processed by the following main steps: (1) Coding of function words by means of a special dictionary, (2) design and coding of blocks according to the AaO-paradigm, (3) supplementation of A- and O-dummies, (4) generation of A/O-matrixes, (5) cluster analysis based on g...
Keywords: pertex; PC-system; coding; multilingual; syntax control
|Provision and Preservation of Knowledge: A Department of Educational and Psychological Research as Laboratory for Analysing Scientific Discourse - Bernhard Bierschenk|
Two kinds of perspectives governing the provision and preservation of knowledge, a universal and an ecological, are discussed in the present article. In the first case, scientific observations are represented through a semantic interpretation of facts. This is illustrated with a series of experiments on semantic feature perception in the recall of pictures that were described by descriptor terms. In the second case, scientific observations are conceived as part of a constitutive context...
Keywords: document-event involvement; AaO-paradigm; thesaurus; vocabulary; recall; semantic features; ecological approach; institutional affiliation; transition probabilities
|The Synthetic Approach to Competence - Bernhard Bierschenk|
In the study of competence at least two approaches can be discerned. One favours the assumption of a hereditary basis. Following this tradition, it is asserted that competence develops on the basis of an inbom capacity of performing means-ends analyses. Thus, cognitive endowment determines what kind of scholastic and occupational tasks become mastered. The other line of research assumes that cultura1 factors operate and that the impact of schooling effects competence the way is becomes visible t...
Keywords: competece; mobility; global attractors; schooling effects